Calamansi (Citrus microcarpa,× Citrofortunella microcarpa or × Citrofortunella mitis), also known as calamondin or Philippine lime, is an economically important citrus hybrid predominantly cultivated in the Philippines. It is native to the Philippines and surrounding areas in southern China, Taiwan, Borneo, and Sulawesi. Calamansi is ubiquitous in traditional Filipino cuisine. It is used in various condiments, beverages, dishes, marinades, and preserves. Calamansi is also used as an ingredient in the cuisines of Malaysia and Indonesia. Calamansi is a citrofortunella, a hybrid between kumquat (formerly considered as belonging to a separate genus Fortunella) and another species of Citrus (in this case probably the mandarin orange). This plant needs plenty of natural sunlight although it has a low hardiness rating of H3 making it essential to cover your plant during the winter time. Try to give this plant a once year trim and follow the guidelines of pruning group 1 for further ideas. The plant can suffer from potential pest problems although is usually disease free. The plant can growth to a final width between 30 cm – 50 cm (0.9 ft – 1.6 ft) and a final height of 50 – 70 cm (1.6 ft – 2.3 ft).
Latin Name: Citrus x Mitis – Espalier
English Name: Calamondin Orange
Foliage Type: Evergreen.
Flowering Period: Spring-Winter
Suggested Location: Outdoor.
Suggested Soil Type: Moist but well-drained. Clay, Loam, Sand.
Suggested Exposure to Sunlight: Full Sunlight
Suggested Exposure to Weather: Sheltered
Hardiness Rating: Low (H3)
Lowest Temperature Tolerance: -5 °C to 0 °C (23 °F to 32 °F)
Maintenance: Pruning group 1
Growth Habit: Bushy
Cultivation: Citrus cultivation – grow outdoors in full sun in frost-free areas with a well-drained, neutral or acidic soil. Under glass grow in loam-based potting compost in full light at minimum of 3 – 5°C
Pests: Can get citrus red spider mite and glasshouse red spider mite, soft scale and fluted scale, aphids, caterpillars and mealybugs under glass
Diseases: Generally disease free
Final Height: 50 cm – 70 cm (1.6 ft – 2.3 ft)
Final Spread: 30 cm – 50 cm (0.9 ft – 1.6 ft)
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