Nerium oleander, commonly known as oleander; is a large evergreen ornamental shrub that has been cultivated since ancient times. The narrowly lanceolate are leathery and dark green. They usually grow in pairs or groups of three. The stem is covered with greyish bark and exudes sticky latex if it is cut. Oleander grows well in warm subtropical regions and is extensively used in the Mediterranean as an ornamental shrub in parks and gardens or informal hedge along roadsides. Make sure small children and pets are kept away from oleanders as all parts of the plant are highly toxic if eaten but not normally dangerous to touch though the latex can cause irritation in people who are allergic to it. The plant itself has a low hardiness rating of H3, making it unsuitable for the British winter time. Make sure to shelter it during any potential cold snaps. The plant is generally disease free but is prone to potential pests so take this into consideration. Stick to the guidelines of pruning group 9 for this plant. The final height of this plant is between 1.5 m – 2.5 m (4.9 ft – 8.2 ft) and the final width is between 1 m – 1.5 m (3.2 ft – 4.9 ft)
Latin Name: Nerium Oleander
English Name: East Indian oleander, Jamaica South Sea rose
Foliage Type: Evergreen
Flowering Period: Summer
Toxicity: All parts are highly toxic if ingested. Contact with foliage may irritate skin
Suggested Location: Outdoor.
Suggested Soil Type: Moist but well-drained. Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Suggested Exposure to Sunlight: Full Sunlight
Suggested Exposure to Weather: Sheltered
Hardiness Rating: Low (H3)
Lowest Temperature Tolerance: 0 °C to 5 °C (32 °F to 41 °F)
Growth Habit: Bushy
Pests: May be attacked by glasshouse red spider mite, scale insects and mealybugs under glass
Diseases: Generally disease free
Cultivation: Grow outdoors in moist but well-drained soil in full sun in sheltered frost-free conditions. Grow under glass in loam-based compost in full light, ventilate well
Propagation: Propagate by seed, semi-hardwood cuttings or by air layering in spring
Pruning: Pruning group 9. May need restrictive pruning under glass in late winter. Will tolerate hard pruning
Suggested planting locations and garden types: Drought Resistant Hedging & Screens Low Maintenance Wall-side Borders City & Courtyard Gardens Cottage & Informal Garden Mediterranean Climate Plants Patio & Container Plants
Final Height: 1.5 m – 2.5 m (4.9 ft – 8.2 ft)
Final Sideways Spread: 1 m – 1.5 m (3.2 ft – 4.9 ft)
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