It is an evergreen shrub with smooth, pale grey-brown bark on the stems. The leaves are opposite, 5–10 cm long and 2–5 cm broad, glossy dark green above, paler glaucous to yellowish green below, thick and leathery textured, and with an entire margin. The flowers are white, with a four-lobed corolla 5–6 mm long; they are borne in clusters 7–15 cm long in early summer. The fruit is an oval drupe, 10 mm long, ripening purple-black with a glaucous waxy bloom in early winter; in Japan they are popularly likened to mouse or rat droppings. The species is closely related to the Chinese Ligustrum lucidum, differing in its smaller size, and elongated oval (not subglobose) fruit.
English Name: Ligustrum Japonicum
Foliage Type: Evergreen
Flowering Period: May-August
Suggested Location: Outdoor
Suggested Soil Type: Well-Drained
Suggested Exposure to Sunlight: Full Sunlight
Suggested Exposure to Weather: Sheltered or Exposed
Hardiness Rating: High (H6)
Lowest Temperature Tolerance: -20 °C to -15 °C (-4 °F to 5 °F)
Suggested Uses: Small Gardens. Reinforcing escarpments and sloping terrain. Groups. Shrubland and woods.
Maintenance: Prune once a year
Growth Habit: Bushy
Growth Speed: Fast
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