The Bougainvillea is a genus which includes vigorous climbing shrubs with long branches. The real beauty of the plant is the brightly coloured bracts, which last for all the warm months. They are quick growers and, in just a few years, will cover a large area. In colder climates, they are grown in pots, where they can be kept outside in the summer and taken under cover as soon as the weather turns cold. They are not hardy at all and only come at H2 on the hardiness scale so make sure to shelter these plants as soon as the winter arrives. Bougainvillea prefers siliceous soil but will grow in almost any kind of garden soil as long as it is free from stagnation. Its position must be in full sun or half-shade. It can withstand a maritime climate and will tolerate hard pruning. Make sure to follow the guidelines of pruning group 12 for details. It is prone to potential pests so keep an eye out for this. However it is not prone to diseases. The maximum height is between 4 m – 8 m (13.12 ft – 26.2 ft) and the maximum width is between 2.5 m – 4 m (8.2 ft – 13.12 ft)
Latin Name: Bougainvillea Barbara Karst
English Name: Miss Manila, Tango
Foliage Type: Semi-evergreen
Flowering Period: Summer-Winter
Suggested Location: Outdoor.
Suggested Soil Type: Moist but well-drained. Loam, Sand
Suggested Exposure to Sunlight: Full Sunlight
Suggested Exposure to Weather: Sheltered
Hardiness Rating: Low (H2)
Lowest Temperature Tolerance: 0°C to 5 °C (32 °F to 41 °F)
Growth Habit: Climbing
Cultivation: Under glass grow in loam-based potting compost in full light and water freely in summer and keep just moist in winter. Apply a balanced liquid fertiliser monthly. If container grown can be put outside in summer. Water sparingly in winter. May survive short spells down to 0°C if kept fairly dry, but preferred minimum temperature is 7 – 10°C
Propagation: Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings in summer or softwood cuttings in early spring. Layering can be done in early autumn or spring
Suggested planting locations and garden types: Wall-side Borders Patio & Container Plants Sub-tropical
Pruning: Pruning group 12 in early spring/after flowering
Pests: May be attacked by glasshouse whitefly, mealybugs, aphids and glasshouse red spider mite
Diseases: Generally disease free
Final Height: 4 m – 8 m (13.12 ft – 26.2 ft)
Final Spread: 2.5 m – 4 m (8.2 ft – 13.12 ft)
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