Cupressus Sempervirens is a type of cypress plant which is normally found around the Mediterranean region several other areas with favorable weather conditions. The plant is evergreen even during the summer times. It is about thirty five meters tall with a conic crown and strong branches which have some loosely attached branchlets. The plant is classified under the kingdom plantae, placed in division Pinopsida under the family Cyperaceae, in genus Cupressus and species Sempervirens.
The trunk of the tree is dark green with a hard cover which helps in the transportation of water to the leaves. The plant grows even in dark sprays and has short leaves which are needle like in nature. Well matured plants produce some cones which help in reproduction. The cones are green during the first stages but changes to brown after some time.
This tree is popular and well recognized for its perfumed and strong wood which majorly used in the construction of permanent structures and furniture. In the ancient times long before stainless steel was discovered, cypress was used in distilleries to aid in alcohol fermentation. The plant grows well in perfectly drained soils and also requires to be watered regularly during its early stages until the roots are established.
The plants are attacked by some fungus when they are left out to survive by themselves without much care. Rodents like mice also attack their roots and can even make them dry up. A group of these plants form a good cover which helps to reduce the wind strength and thereby minimizing damages which have been caused. The plant is also known to cure some diseases like whooping cough, sore throats and flu.
Constant washing of feet with cones help one to reduce excessive sweating. Both leaves and wood of this plant contains some amount of essential oil which is safe for human use. Due to its good aroma, the wood and leaves of this plant have been used extensively in soap and perfume industries. The plant gives hardwood timber which is able to repel some of the warmth attacking it. It has also been used to make a variety of objects including cabinets and wardrobes.
Oil from this species helps to improve the rate of blood flow in the body and thereby solves a number of issues in the entire system. Increased blood circulation solves the cough problems and even makes one feel better and strong. This tree is perennial in nature and it came from the east.
During the ancient times, the Cretans and Phoenicians knew the benefits of this species because they constructed ships and houses using wood from it. The Greeks also made curved images of their gods from it. The trunk of this species is straight in nature and both the male and female cones grow in the same plant but are perfectly located within the branches.
There are two major varieties of Cupressus Sempervirens although they are classified according to branch type. Some branches grow horizontally while others prefer to shoot upwards. This plant greatly helps to reduce the rate of soil erosion as its roots are firmly fixed to the ground.